This book is concerned with cosmopolitanism - a privileged notion of world citizenship - and whether or not a cosmopolitan position is conducive to human flourishing when its preoccupation is aesthetic. The Limits of Cosmopolis addresses the question of how human life is organized: Is it possible to be a citizen of the world? Is there a difference between avowing that identity for oneself and morally and ethically making a commitment to others? What are the implications for communication - for a real dialogue of cultures? Because the identity claim to cosmopolitanism brings particular challenges to intercultural dialogue, the author argues that alternative routes to transnational human rights - to moral and ethical commitment and communication - are crucial. This book is interested in those alternative routes, in a more just organization of human life. It considers the ways in which a cosmopolitan identity may exacerbate intercultural conflicts rather than alleviating them as well as exploring its implications for intercultural interactions.