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Terrestrial and Space Techniques in Earthquake Prediction Research

Proceedings of the international workshop on Monitoring Crustal Dynamics in Earthquake Zones held in Strasbourg during the meetings of the European Seismological Commission and the European Geophysical Society, Aug. 29 - Sept. 5, 1978, orga

Progress in Earthquake Research and Engineering Band 1

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Beschreibung

Seismology in the sense of earthquake research is no longer exclusively a matter of earthquake recording and the analysis of seismograms. The tremendous progress in earth quake dynamic research, the development of sophisticated technologies, the advent of the space age, and the call for reduction of the earthquake hazards and for disaster pre vention programs have spurred interdisciplinary research to discover the earthquake generating processes. The progress in observing the physical phenomena of earthquake generating processes and the identification of earthquake precursors among these phe nomena have placed research on the field of predicting earthquakes on the solid basis of exact earth sciences. The measurement of the phenomena of slow-motion dynamics such as the move ment of tectonic plates, the accumulation of strain, displacements observed in fault zones, and the temporal variations of physical rock properties fall into the domain of geodesists and geophysicists rather than seismologists. However, seismology in the broadest interpretation of earthquake research requires all observable phenomena of slow-motion dynamics in order to constrain models of focal mechanism and to penetrate deeper into earthquake source physics. Interdisciplinary research is on the way to open us new dimensions in earthquake and earthquake predic tion research.

Dr. Andreas Vogel leitet das wissenschaftliche Institut für Presseforschung und Medienberatung in Köln.

Produktdetails

Einband Taschenbuch
Herausgeber Andreas Vogel, ESC Working Group Geodynam. Techniques
Seitenzahl 712
Erscheinungsdatum 01.01.1979
Sprache Deutsch
ISBN 978-3-528-08406-6
Verlag Vieweg & Teubner
Maße (L/B/H) 24,4/17/3,8 cm
Gewicht 1227 g
Abbildungen 67 schwarzweisse Abbildungen
Auflage Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1979

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  • 1. Review: Phenomena of Earthquake Generating Processes and Earthquake Prediction Research.- Review: Phenomena of Earthquake Generating Processes and Prediction Research.- 2. Micro-Earthquake Networks.- Earthquake Prediction from Micro-Earthquake Observation in the Vicinity of Wakayama City, Northwestern Part of the Kii Peninsula, Central Japan.- Topology and Detection Capability of Seismic Networks.- A Note on Micro-Earthquake Observation Network.- Microearthquake Network in Kansas.- 3. Continuous Recording of Crustal Deformation.- Observation of the Elastic Afterworking Caused by Earthquake Swarm at Kishu Mine.- Tilt Measurement Techniques in Earthquake Research.- Resolution and Stability of Borehole Tiltmeters.- The Implications of Creep-Related Tilt Observations on the San Andreas Fault in Central California.- A Review of Observations and Dislocation Modeling of Some Creep-Related Tilt Perturbations from Central California.- Tiltmeter Results from Adak.- Tilt Observations in Seismically Active Areas.- First Results of a Tiltmeter Profile Across the Active Thrust Fault at the Southern Boundary of the Hunsrück Mountains.- Recordings with Borehole Tiltmeters in a Test Area in Upper Bavaria.- Design Considerations in an Ultra-Stable Long Baseline Tiltmeter — Results from a Laser Tiltmeter.- A Long Pipe as an Instrument for Determining the Horizontal Component of the Earth Tides.- Earth Tides: Tilt in the English Lake District.- Satellite Telemetry of Sea-Level Data to Monitor Crustal Motions in the Shumagin Islands Region of the Aleutian Arc.- 4. Geodetic Ground Techniques and Gravity Surveys.- Study of Vertical Movements in Eastern France Based upon Repeated Levelling. A Tentative Interpretation.- Geodetic Precise Levellings in the Seismic Active Zones of the Upper Rhinegraben and Rhenish Shield.- Variations with Time of Gravity and Height Along a Profile Across the Rift Zone of Northern Iceland.- Gravity Change Related with the 1973 Nemuro-Hanto-Oki Earthquake During Preseismic and Postseismic Period.- A Precise North South Alpine Gravity Profile for Determining Present Vertical Movements.- Absolute Gravity Measurements 1976/77 in Europe and USA with the New Italian Transportable Apparatus: Results and Perspectives.- Report on the Development of a Portable Absolute Gravimeter.- Multiple Wavelength Geodesy.- Modern Techniques and Problems in Monitoring Horizontal Strain.- 5. Temporal Variation of Geophysical Rock Properties.- Stresses in the Upper Crust as Derived from in-situ Stress Measurements - A Review.- Secular and Tidal Deformations Recorded in the Fault Zone of the Northeastern Tien Shan.- Observation of the Nearly Diurnal Resonance of the Earth Using a Laser Strainmeter.- Electromechanical Phenomena Accompanying Earthquakes — A Review.- Geothermics and Seismicity in the Pannonian Basin.- 6. Combination of Terrestrial Techniques.- Deep Borehole Measurements of Crustal Activities Around Tokyo.- Mid New Zealand Earth Strain and Tilt Observations and Precursors of Earthquakes.- Combined Observation by Means of Extensometer, Rotationsmeters, and Tiltmeters.- Techniques and Problems in Geodetic Monitoring of Crustal Movements at Technically Unstable Regions.- A Geodetic Micro-Network for Monitoring Tectonic Movements in a Peruvian Earthquake Fault Zone.- Gravity and Tide on Jan Mayen — Preliminary Report 1978.- On Recent Tectonics of China and its Vicinity.- Land Deformation Associated with the Tangshan M = 7.8 Earthquake.- Some Features of Earthquakes Distribution Around Peking and Crustal Buckling.- 2000 Years of Geodetic and Seismological Measurements in the Phlegrean Fields.- 7. Space Techniques.- Satellite Laser Ranging Techniques for Monitoring Crustal Dynamics.- Spaceborne Laser Ranging System and its Applications in Crustal Motion Investigations.- Monitoring Crustal Dynamics in Seismotectonic Zones by Very Long Baseline Interferometry.- Mobile Radio Interferometric Geodetic Systems.- Possibilities and Limitations of Doppler Positioning in Geodynamics.- Development of a V.L.B.I. Project in Italy.- 8. Future Aspects: Earthquake Dynamics Control Networks.- Earthquake Dynamics Control Networks.